... Karakoram Range: Siachen, Fedchenko (It is the longest glacier in the world outside of the polar regions), Hispar, Biafo and Baltoro. The Pamirs contain, of course, many glaciers, among which the Fedchenko Glacier, the longest mountain glacier in the world (77km – 270 km). Over the years the glacier has been the site of several meteorological stations. To the south is Independence Peak and to the east Gorbunov Peak (6,025 meters). Over the years the glacier has been the site of several meteorological stations. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. The melt waters of Fedchenko Glacier feed into the Muksu, Vakhsh, and Amu Darya rivers before eventually making their way to the Aral Sea some 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles) away. And who else than your best companion in the last preparatory phase for UPSC IAS Prelims 2019 i.e 60 days plan.. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The Muksu river discharge is strongly influenced by the Fedchenko glacier mass balance (Ambinakudige and Joshi, 2012a). It is 62 km long and occupies a … Updates? Media in category "Fedchenko Glacier" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Other articles where Alexei Pavlovich Fedchenko is discussed: Fedchenko Glacier: …for the 19th-century Russian explorer A.P. It is 77 kilometre long glaciers … It flows north from the ice field of Revolution Peak (22,880 feet [6,974 metres]), receiving ice from dozens of tributary glaciers. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In May, 2014, five skiers traveled to Central Asia to cross the Fedchenko Glacier in Tajikistan. The expedition was made possible by grants from the Alpine Club of Canada, Polartec and MEC. Siachin. The Fedchenko glacier system harbors the longest glacier (77 km) outside of the polar areas. Asia is more a geographic term than a homogeneous continent, and the use of the term to describe such a vast area always carries the potential of obscuring the enormous…. [1] The maximum thickness of the glacier is 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), and the volume of the Fedchenko and its dozens of tributaries is estimated at 144 cubic kilometres (35 cu mi)—about a third the volume of Lake Erie. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... History of Central Asia, history of the area from prehistoric and ancient times to the present. The Fedchenko glacier in Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, for example, presently extends 77 kilometers and covers over 700 square kilometers. In theory, the Arctic remains colder than the equator because more of the heat from the sun is reflected off the ice, back into space. Stretching 77 kilometers (47 miles), Fedchenko Glacier is the longest glacier outside of the polar regions. The glacier was discovered in 1878, and is named after Alexei Pavlovich Fedchenko, a Russian explorer (but not discoverer of the glacier). The Fedchenko was not fully explored until 1928 by a German-Soviet expedition under Willi Rickmer Rickmers. The following images give a view of the pixel decoding process: Using the same tools, the x-axis monthly tick marks were found to be about 329 pixels apart (12 months is 3947 These bright white spots reflect excess heat back into space and keep the planet cooler. It is largest single source of fresh water in the Indian subcontinent. The world’s largest glacier found outside the polar regions, it is about 45 miles (70 km) long and covers up … Welcome to Insights IAS INSTA 75 Days Revision Plan for UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam – 2020. Here are the 10 Most Amazing Glaciers Outside Polar Regions. The glacier is long and narrow, currently extending for 77 kilometres (48 mi) and covering over 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi). It is the longest glacier in the world outside of the polar regions. Centered in eastern Tajikistan, the Pamirs—part of the “roof of the world”—are home to thousands of glaciers. The 75 km long Siachen Glacier in Nubra valley has the distinction of being the largest glacier outside the polar and the sub-polar regions. It continued to recede between 1928 and 1960, stopping its inflows such as the Kosinenko, Ulugbeck, Alert and several others. The Fedchenko glacier is the world’s largest glacier and is located in the Muksu river basin, a tributary of Vaksh in the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan (Figure 1). 1982 expedition to Tartu Ülikool 350 (07).jpg 2,224 × 3,432; 1.72 MB The glacier begins at an elevation of 6,200 metres (20,300 ft) above sea level, and eventually melts and empties into the Balandkiik River near the border with Kyrgyzstan at an elevation of 2,909 metres (9,544 ft). The Fedchenko Glacier (Russian: Ледник Федченко) is a large glacier in the Yazgulem Range, Pamir Mountains, of north-central Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan. https://www.britannica.com/place/Fedchenko-Glacier. To the west is the Academy of Sciences Range, Mount Garmo, Ismoil Somoni Peak, Peak Korzhenevskaya and the headwaters of the Vanj River and Yazgulyam River. Its middle and upper reaches were first explored in 1928 as part of a major Soviet expedition to the Pamirs region. The second largest is the 74 km long Fedchenko Glacier (Pamirs) Third largest is the Hispar Glacier. It is the longest glacier in the world outside of the polar regions. It winds down off of … Fedchenko Glacier is part of WikiProject Central Asia, a project to improve all Central Asia-related articles.This includes but is not limited to Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Tibet, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang and Central Asian portions of Iran, Pakistan and Russia, region-specific topics, and anything else related to Central Asia. With a length of 77km and an area covering over 700 square kilometers, the Fedchenko Glacier is the longest glacier … Fedchenko rate line meandered across the page, logging the exact x and mean y locations of the line. Fedchenko Glacier, Pamir Mountains, Central Asia Fedchenko Glacier: •more than 70 km long longest glacier outside the polar regions •lower part completely debris covered •ranging from 2900 m to 5400 m Bivachny Glacier: •25 km long with 3 tributaries •known historical surges (Kotlyakov 2008): 1958, … It is located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalaya Mountains. There is also concern about the Fedchenko glacier, the world’s The Fedchenko Glacier originates on the northern slope of the Iazgulem Range, at the foot of Revolution, 26 Commissars, and Paris Commune peaks. Also known as third pole, Siachen glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakorum and world’s second longest non-polar glacier {after Fedchenko Glacier in Tajikistan, which is world’s largest non-polar glacier, also note that Lambert-Fisher Glacier in Antarctica is world’s largest glacier} and also the world’s highest battlefield. Omissions? Fedchenko. The world’s largest glacier found outside the polar regions, it is about 45 miles (70 km) long and covers up to some 350 square miles (900 square km). Tajikistan The Fedchenko Glacier is the world’s longest and largest glacier outside of the Polar regions. Fedchenko (It is the longest glacier in the world outside of the polar regions) The valley glaciers flowing from the Columbia Icefield here in the Canadian Rockies aren't nearly as long. Among them is Fedchenko, which at 77 kilometers (47 miles) is the longest glacier outside of the Earth’s polar regions. Posted on December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 Fedchenko glacier in the Pamir, Tajikistan, is one of the largest mountain glaciers in the world, with a total length of ˘72km. Corrections? Its waters eventually feed down the Muksu, Surkhob, Vakhsh, and Amu Darya rivers into the Aral Sea. Its middle and upper reaches were first explored in 1928 as part of a major Soviet expedition to the Pamirs region. Name of Glacier. In its historical application the term Central Asia designates an area that is considerably larger than the heartland of the Asian continent. Oct 06, 2020 - Himalayas: Physiographic divisions of India UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. If you are wondering why these questions are posted, please refer to the detailed Timetable provided HERE.. In northern Tajikistan, a long, narrow glacier winds it way north from the ice-capped heart of the Pamir Mountains toward the border with Kyrgyzstan. The Fedchenko Glacier is located in the Pamir Mountains which is home to some of the highest peaks in the world, and have been known as “The Roof of The World”. It descends along the eastern base of the Akademiia Nauk Range, receiving 30 tributary glaciers from the left and right. The line was on average 13 pixels high. These questions are carefully framed so as to give aspirants tough Through July, experts were worrying about the Medvezhy glacier, which they thought might start advancing on villages in southeast Tajikistan as temperatures in this mountain region reach over 30 degrees. Were it not for the awkwardness of the term, it would be…, Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. Fedchenko. Nearly fifty miles in length and covering an area of more than seven hundred square miles, it is well over half a mile thick in places. The glacier in its middle course can move up to 26 inches (67 cm) per day. Fedchenko Glacier, also spelled Fedčenko, extensive valley glacier, situated in the Central Asian Pamirs range, central Tajikistan. Its meltwater forms the headstream of the Surkhob River and the Amu Darya. Return to Content. The 28-day journey was completely self supported and self propelled, beginning near the town of Poi Mazar and exiting through the Tanimas Valley. NOW 50% OFF! In this article we are giving the name of Longest Glaciers outside Polar Region along with their location and length which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. Fedchenko Glacier – the world largest glacier outside of polar glaciers. Scientists in Tajikistan say the rapid shrinking of mountain glaciers is a direct consequence of global warming. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 9 times. Location. It has a great influence on the local economy and ecology as a water resource. Eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas. Alternative Title: Fedčenko Glacier Fedchenko Glacier, also spelled Fedčenko, extensive valley glacier, situated in the Central Asian Pamirs range, central Tajikistan. The Fedchenko Glacier (Russian Федченко) is a large glacier in the Pamir Mountains of north-central Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan.The glacier is long and narrow, currently extending for 77 kilometres (48 mi) and covering over 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi). The glacier follows a generally northward path to the east of the 6,595 m (21,637 ft) Garmo Peak. To the north is Altyn Mazar. This test is Rated positive by 88% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop. The Pamir Mountains include some of the world’s highest peaks, soaring to heights of 7,300 meters (24,000 feet ). [2], Coordinates: 38°46′01″N 72°16′59″E / 38.767°N 72.283°E / 38.767; 72.283, "Field research of glaciers and glacial lakes located in Karatag, Vakhsh and Zeravshan river basin", "The First National Communication of the Republic of Tajikistan under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, "Tajikistan 2002: Vital Maps and Graphics on Climate Change", Google Maps satellite photo of Fedchenco Glacier, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fedchenko_Glacier&oldid=966492399, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 July 2020, at 12:04. The glacier was discovered in 1878 and named for the 19th-century Russian explorer A.P. Explanation: The Fedchenko Glacier is a large glacier in the Yazgulem Range, Pamir Mountains, of north-central Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass. WASYL FEDCHENKO age 76, passed away July 25, 2007. Fedchenko Glacier in 1982 by Jaan Künnap during expedition to Tartu Ülikool 350. Fedchenko Clock a highly accurate pendulum clock with an isochronous suspension and an electromagnetically driven pendulum. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These InstaQuestions are carefully framed to help you improve various skills and knowledge necessary to face uncertain, unpredictable and difficult questions in real prelims exam. Insta 75 Days Revision Plan for UPSC Civil Services Prelims – 2020 This document is the compilation of 100 questions that are part of InsightsIAS famous INSTA REVISION initiative for UPSC civil services Preliminary examination – 2020 (which has become most anticipated annual affair by lakhs of IAS aspirants across the country). The 9-day tour is designed especially for the lovers of the glaciers and mountains. The Fedchenko Glacier (Russian: Ледник Федченко) is a large glacier in the Yazgulem Range, Pamir Mountains, of north-central Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan. Beloved husband of Alexandra; dear father of Walter, Katherine Kustich (John), Taras and Vera Linsal hispar glacier upsc. Between 1910 and 1913 the glacier expanded and moved forward by 800 to 1,000 metres (870 to 1,090 yd), blocking up the Balyandlik River the following year. It is source of Nubra River that eventually feeds the might… Hello Friends, The most beloved 60 Days for UPSC IAS Prelims 2019 has finally begun Once again the time has come for the battle (Prelims). Among them is Fedchenko, which at 77 kilometers (47 miles) is the longest glacier outside of the Earth’s polar regions. Glaciers are the second largest reservoir of water and the largest freshwater reservoir on the Earth. 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