Cambridge is famous because of the many famous thinkers that have studied at the University but Cambridge has no museum about its famous thinkers. Gatehouse to Trinity College - statue of King Henry VIII holding an orb and old wooden chair-leg. If you like art museums then the best is the Fitzwilliam Museum on Trumpington Street. It’s not all A number of other universities were given research ratings of 5 for their departments and the government introduced a new 5* rating to try to differentiate between the top universities. There are also wonderful old photographs of Cavendish researchers over the last 130 years. The distance provided a useful cooling-off period. The region’s famous towns include Ipswich, Colchester, Norwich, Southend-on-Sea, Luton, Bedford, Basildon, Peterborough, Cambridge, and Chelmsford. Twelve boats each with eight oarsmen and one cox (for steering) start racing in a line up-stream with a short distance between each boat. Cambridge, England. © Holmes Garden Photos / Alamy Stock Photo. Updates? The Cambridge Tourist Information Office can help you find accommodation in Cambridge - telephone +44 (0)1223 322640. The University has evolved slowly over the centuries and for much of the time it has been more like a collection of monasteries than the University that exists today. Corpus Christi College clock - corner of King's Parade and Benet Street. The river where the races start is narrow and has several bends. This is the (huge) crest over the top of the main gate into Christ's College. Virtually all Cambridge departments scored 5* - Cambridge stayed top. It is better for the tourist to avoid the 6 weeks from early May until mid-June. The Whipple museum is centrally located on Free School Lane but it is largely a collection of old scientific instruments often of no particular connection with Cambridge. Cambridge received its first charter in 1207; the uninterrupted existence of public officers in the city since the Middle Ages is noteworthy. Garrett Hostel Lane bridge by Trinity Hall (the attractive new library is next to the bridge). Depending on Which Cambridge, but the Cambridge in England is famous for its University The colleges evolved to become very much like monasteries that concentrated on teaching. Things changed after 1536 when King Henry VIII suppressed the monasteries in England and Cambridge changed its interests to study science and learning outside of Theology and the Classics. Cambridge used to be over-provided with bookshops but recently numbers have fallen to a more manageable level. Learn more. (2001) 108,863; (2011) 123,867. Corrections? The White Cliffs of Dover are truly one of the most famous English landmarks. This was about 18% of all the recorded Cambridge's in the USA. It generally costs about GBP 20 - 30 per hour to rent a punt - allow at least one hour for punting but not more than two hours. The city lies immediately south of the Fens country (a flat alluvial region only slightly above sea level) and is itself only … It is possible to walk to the centre or there are buses and taxis. A web of cobbled streets winds through the rest, hosting a good selection of traditional stores and eateries. Cambridge is famous for its university, currently one of the best in the world, and its scientists. Kettle’s Yard. Cambridge is probably best known for its university, which lends the place an undeniable energy. Punts can be rented by the hour at three locations on the river in the centre of town. According to the 2010 Census, the city's population was 105,162. The beauty of the city is enhanced by many commons and other open spaces, including Jesus Green and Midsummer Common, Sheep’s Green, Lammas Land, Christ’s Pieces, Parker’s Piece, the University Botanic Gardens (much developed, extended, and improved), and the Backs. Minimum age for using the pole when punting is probably 14 years. Chester is a charming city full of history. Cambridge has an old university with many old, beautiful buildings. East of England region had a population of 5,847,000 during the 2011 census with Essex being the most populous county. Be prepared to wait but you will not be disappointed. It has been home to some of the great thinkers of the last 500 years. Races are in rowing boats called "eights", not the punts used in the centre of town. A group of 5 persons can go together for between GBP 30 - 50. Magdalene bridge - lovely view of  Magdalene College gardens and good place to sit and take refreshments. The University is organised into subject departments (like Physics, Chemistry, English, History, Modern Languages) and into colleges (where students live and get some teaching). Watch you don't get injured by a cyclist if you step out into the street to take a photograph of this monster. However, Cambridge colleges have preserved a strong connection with the old monastic traditions, which shows that Cambridge has been slow to change its traditions. Life-jackets are available where you rent the punts. The tea shop is worth a visit and the shop sells some interesting jewelry. If you are going to use the pole when punting then it is strongly recommended that you remove all precious belongings from pockets before starting, in case you fall in and lose them in the water. To strengthen his rule he dissolved the Roman Catholic monasteries in England, adding to his political power and wealth. In the first half of June is a week known as May-week - a Cambridge chronological mystery. It would be difficult to go to the bumping races and visit Cambridge in one day - one would probably need two days. Kings College, Cambridge. The older colleges nearly all have fine old buildings and it is these buildings that you will see if you come to visit Cambridge. Pop. Some of the most famous landmarks and tourist attractions in England, including Big Ben, Blackpool Tower, Palace of Westminster and Windsor Castle. Expect to pay about GBP 30-50 for a trip. It's not surprising then that Trinity College is one of the wealthiest institutions in Great Britain and, reputedly, it does not need the income it derives from student fees; it now derives its wealth from the land it owns, particularly Felixstowe docks (the major container port in the UK) and from the science parks around Cambridge. Colleges are more like medieval monasteries than just places to sleep and eat. Most of the events are open to the public and ticket prices are usually low (to watch the rowing races is free), the exceptions being the College balls (May balls) where prices are high and tickets are usually sold-out in April. Indeed, only in 1998 did the University finally get around to awarding degrees to some women students who should have graduated before 1948. It can be a very romantic journey for courting couples but it can also be a very wet journey if one falls into the river while attempting to use the punting pole (beware of the pole sticking in the mud). Note that during May Week (first week of June) and for most of the month of May (during exams) many of the colleges are closed to visitors. The objective is to bump the boat in front and to avoid being bumped by the boat behind. The number and membership of the ring emerged slowly from the 1950s onwards. This system is unlike most British universities, where students must find private accommodation after their first year. The street frontage, located on the north side of Bene't Street in the centre of the city, is of circa 1600, with a galleried 19th-century wing behind, facing the courtyard. Cambridge and Oxford are similar distances from London: Oxford lies to the west of London and Cambridge to the north. It is essential to get a ticket for a May Ball before you travel to Cambridge - do not expect to be able to buy a ticket on the day you visit - May Balls sell out months in advance. King Henry VIII was an English King who liked to have his own way. All Saints Passage has some interesting shops: a great cheese shop, interesting ladies underwear and a gentlemen's tailor. Find-out the tradition surrounding the chair-leg. King’s College Chapel (1446–1515), the best-known building in Cambridge, was designed by Henry VI as part of an immense and never fully realized conception. Typical admission charges are about GBP 3. Note the number of punts and this picture was taken in November - in summer there are many more making this the best place to wait for someone to fall-in the river while punting. It is the second oldest pub in Cambridge, after the Pickerell Inn. Cambridge is famous because of the many famous thinkers that have studied at the University but Cambridge has no museum about its famous thinkers. Members of Cambridge University have been awarded 88 Nobel Prizes. Punting is great fun and is one of the things tourists must do when visiting Cambridge. From Nobel Prize winning scientists to famous actors from Cambridge, this beautiful location has attracted the talented in their droves. Many of the colleges now charge tourists for admission and restrict the times of access for visitors. Not accessible if the College is closed. Expect to walk for most or all of your visit. Blackpool Tower Opened in 1894, it was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris. There are buses out there but it is not worth visiting unless you have a special interest in physics. this is what tourists get to see most of in Cambridge - wonderful old buildings, close packed and within easy walking distance. Punting on the river is fun for well-behaved children. This route can be busy, tourists are harranged by touts trying to sell chauffeur punt rides and there can be road traffic on Silver Street so it is not always pleasant. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Copyright © 2020 Cambridge Ultrasonics Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Go punting in a boat on the river - it's great fun and you get the see the best of Cambridge from the river. Punts can be rented by the hour from three locations on the river. It is also possible to take a "chauffeur punt" with a professional punter - more expensive and less fun. Suitable colleges are: Queen's, King's, Clare (special recommendation), Trinity Hall, Trinity, St John's and Magdalene. Best viewed on a hot summer day when the river is busy. The most homely art gallery you’ll ever come across (because it used to be someone’s … Punts for viewing the colleges and their gardens can be rented from: beside Silver Street bridge (access from Mill Lane), The Mill Pond (access from the side of the Granta Pub on Newnham Road), Trinity College (access from Garret Hostel Lane, next to the footbridge) and Quayside next to Magdalene bridge. The chapel, is home to the world-famous Choir. Chauffeur punting is also available. Cambridge is small and the historic town centre can only be visited on-foot - no vehicles are allowed. Some of the names of the older colleges sound rather grand now: Gonville & Caius, Pembroke, Sidney Sussex, Selwyn. The gardens are mostly all located close to the river that runs through the middle of the old, historic town centre. Home | About | Applications | Calendar | Contact | Employees | Employment | FAQ | Information Links | News | International | Neutrinos | Press | Products | Seeing sound | Services | Site Map | Tourist Information | White Papers. It includes industries that have depended to a considerable extent on university and college connections and orders, as diverse as building, printing, and instrument making, and includes others that have also had close links, such as electronics. It is 158 metres tall. If you want more information about Cambridge then the official tourist site is www.visitcambridge.org. There is a museum about polar research in the Scott Polar Institute on Lensfield Road that is within reasonable walking distance of the centre. The 31 colleges which make up the iconic institution probably represent about half of all the buildings in the city center. Similar crests can be found over the gatehouses of most of the colleges but see St John's College and Trinity College. Children should normally be passengers or use the paddle also provided. The colleges are a distinctive inter-disciplinary feature of Cambridge life and much older than the departments. Statue of King Henry VIII in the gatehouse of Trinity College. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Cambridge-England, Cambridge - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It will be the highlight of your visit because it will be surprisingly amusing and enjoyable. New, modern design with flashing lights and a mechanical insect crawling over the top. famous meaning: 1. known and recognized by many people: 2. known and recognized by many people: 3. known by very…. It remains the most magnificent of the colleges in Cambridge and the college for the aristocracy to attend (most recently Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales). Here are some facts about Cambridge. The beautiful Clare College is to the left; the white building to the right is fellows rooms in King's College. In 1840 there were 4 Cambridge families living in Massachusetts. Directions: bumping races are best viewed from the north bank of the river opposite a pub called The Plough at Fen Ditton. You can get up to 6 people in a punt but we recommend not more than 5 people. Several of the large new and secondhand bookshops enjoy international reputations, and there are numerous establishments specializing in the sale of antiques. King's College Chapel, University of Cambridge, England. The Bridge of Sighs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Tourists should stick to The Backs (of the Colleges). Beware: punting to Grantchester is only for the fit, young and experienced punter. Mathematical bridge in Queen's College - viewed from Silver Street bridge - this was the first bridge to ever be designed and built using mathematical principles. There are three places where you can rent punts by the hour: the Mill Pond near Silver Street bridge, Quayside opposite Magdalene College on Bridge Street and from Trinity College (access from Garrett Hostel Lane). Two monastic foundations date from the 11th and 12th centuries, respectively—Barnwell Priory and a Benedictine nunnery, replaced in 1496 by Jesus College. During the medieval period the River Cam was heavily used for water transport, the local wharfing facilities (which have gradually disappeared) being in heavy demand during the annual period of Stourbridge Fair. ; The city is about 80 km northeast of London and has a population of about 125,000.; The city is home to the University of Cambridge, one of the world’s top universities. Great buttresses, lofty spires and turrets, a high vaulted roof, heraldic devices, and magnificent stained-glass windows are among the notable features of the chapel. The most famous is Kings College, with its distinctive gothic chapel and illustrious list of former students. To gain entrance to the University students still needed to pass exams in Latin until about 1970 and until about the 19th century academics were expected to remain celibate. A web of cobbled streets winds through the rest, hosting a … The Cambridge Spy Ring was a ring of spies in the United Kingdom that passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and was active from the 1930s until at least into the early 1950s. Access to the colleges is restricted in May and June due to examinations and post-exam celebrations. The East of England contains areas that were formerly known as the East Anglia. All Cambridge's departments scored 5 and Cambridge shot to the top of the academic league and started collecting large sums of money. The Fitzwilliam Museum (1837–41) is located in Trumpington Street, a continuation of King’s Parade. Members of Cambridge University have been awarded 88 Nobel Prizes. If you are new to Cambridge then go punting along the Backs of the colleges. It's possible to walk or take a bicycle to the correct section of the river - a car is probably inadvisable unless you are familiar with the area because there is no parking. The White Cliffs of Dover. A visit to the bumping races on the river is well worth while during May-week (generally the first week of June) but it means an excursion outside Cambridge to the north east about 3 miles away. Not our favourite. Not only does punting give the tourist the best view of the inside of the colleges but punting is also a very relaxed mode of transport - away from cars and vehicle noise. There are also chauffeur punts in which a professional does all the hard work of punting. There are no hills in the centre of town. Cambridge Portfolio also makes calendars that are good gifts for Christmas. The river is a place of continuous entertainment during the summer months because it is popular to go out in boats on the river and travel by them through the colleges. This was an advantage for academics if the monarch acted on impulse and thought a few executions would boost morale! I never get bored of seeing King’s College Chapel and it’s rare that I use awe-inspiring in the literal sense, but this place is!Pop inside and see the largest fan-vault ceiling in the world, explore the Rood Screen that was a gift from Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn which is still considered some of the best Italian wooden carvings that still survive in the UK.When you’re here, be sure to look at the stone flowers that adorn the walls inside. If you visit … A plaque on the wall of the Eagle pub. On display are: James Clark Maxwell's old desk, the apparatus used to discover the electron, the apparatus used to discover the neutron and some of the earliest X-ray photographs. Just ignore them and go to the locations where chauffeur punts are available, notably Silver Street Bridge. It was developed as a major Roman fortress, and the remains of their dynasty can still be seen today. The oldest building from that time is the Erasmus Building in St John's College but the oldest surviving college is Peterhouse. Cambridge guarantees most students college-owned accommodation for the three years of their degree, which is located either on college grounds or in apartments in and around the city. The Cambridge and County Folk Museum is situated near Magdalene College in Castle Street. There is a wide selection of postcards on sale in Cambridge. Cambridge is the county town of Cambridgeshire, located in the eastern part of England. In the 1980s the UK government introduced a system of rating the departments of universities on a scale 0 to 5, with 5 being the top grade. This started the intensification of interest in science in Cambridge that resulted in the discovery of the electron, the neutron and the splitting of the atom. Cambridge, city (district), administrative and historic county of Cambridgeshire, England, home of the internationally known University of Cambridge. In science this allowed Cambridge to attract the best minds. It is more expensive and altogether more sedate and less fun but you will not fall into the water and you will be given an explanation of what you are seeing. This covered … Punts for use on the upper-river can be rented from Mill Lane. This picture shows the beautiful Clare College (left) and King's College (right). To avert possible troubles, the authorities in Cambridge allowed only scholars under the supervision of … King's College Chapel. Canoes are available to rent but they have a habit of turning-over and all contents go into the river - a punt will never turn-over by accidnet. Go punting on the river at Cambridge - it will be the most enjoyable part of your visit and the best way to see inside the colleges. So large that the university embarked upon a major expansion of buildings. A rather less charming tradition was that women could not get degrees at the University of Cambridge until 1948 although women had been coming to Cambridge to study for over 100 years by 1948 and taking the same examinations as male students. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire on Tripadvisor: See 45,586 traveler reviews and photos of Cambridge tourist attractions. Though Cambridge was an important trading centre from Roman times, the town rose to prominence in the middle ages when the famous university was founded. It takes a whole day to punt to Grantchester and back but there are some excellent locations for pick-nicking and there are some good pubs in Grantchester. Other noteworthy churches in the city include St. Benet’s with its Saxon tower, the restored Norman Holy Sepulchre Church (one of only four round churches in England), and St. Edward’s Church. It is named after the Bridge of Sighs in Venice, although they have little architecturally in common beyond the fact that they are both covered. Many of the colleges are old (like Peterhouse or King's College or Trinity College) and some are old and rich (like Trinity College). King's College chapel (centre) viewed from the river. If you are canoeing then try to put all valuables into a container that can be sealed against water and that floats. The individual must have either studied at the university (although they may not necessarily have taken a degree), or worked at the university in an academic capacity; others have held fellowships at one of the university's colleges. Attended Oxford, taught at Cambridge (as well as 3 other UK universities) and the differences are: It's staggeringly difficult to get in, and prestigious to do so. Most tourists then walk over Silver Street bridge and turn left onto King's Parade and walk north until they are outside King's College gatehouse. A canon is used to start each race and there are about ten races each day for four days. Cambridge might be best known for its university, home to some of the world’s greatest minds (Milton, Darwin, Hawking, etc.). As of July 2019, it was the fifth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, Springfield, and Lowell. Most tourists arrive on tourist buses or coaches on Silver Street outside Darwin College. 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