About 65 miles south of Koln, Germany, Peter Zumthor built what some consider his most intriguing work. The floor of the chapel is made from lead melted onsite, and features a bronze sculpture designed by Swiss artist Hans Josephsohn. Peter Zumthor's Bruder Klaus chapel, as photographed by John Pawson. It’s named after Brother Klaus a Swiss saint. Zumthor works with a range of materials, from cedar shingles to sandblasted glass, to create inviting textures. He was also a conservationist architect for the Department of the Preservation of Monuments at Graubunden. Top tip: If you want to visit the interior, you can request the key for a deposit at the Chur Tourism office or join one of the tours offered by the Graubünden Archaeological Service. ‘Materiality, activation of senses, quality of details and the creation of atmosphere within space’;[i] all qualities that Peter Zumthor exemplifies in his built work. The modest, human-scaled exterior of the chapel encapsulates the beauty and simplicity of Zumthor’s works, while the interior showcases his unparalleled craftsmanship. Contemplative and Reflective - Bruder Klaus Chapel by Peter Zumthor. As the Pritzker Prize jury wrote in their citation, Zumthor's "architecture expresses respect for the primacy of the site, the legacy of a local culture and the invaluable lessons of architectural history.". Zumthor founded his own firm in 1979. Top tip: Round off the experience with a stay at the fabulous 7132 Hotel and sleep in one of the rooms designed by the architect himself! Top tip: The chapel is located on a steep slope but it can be reached by car. In various iterations, as he … She is the author of two books on home decor and sustainable design. His practice grew quickly and he accepted more international projects. Since B.C.E., the territories today known as Switzerland were either controlled or influenced by the ancient Western Roman Empire, immense in size and power. Top tip: Unfortunately, the building’s interior is not open to the public. The community-owned Vals was sold to a property developer in 2012, and renamed 7132 Therme, which is open for business, much to the dismay of the architect. About 140 miles north of Milan, Italy, is one of the oldest towns in Switzerland. Zumthor, 75, has designed numerous buildings in Europe including the Therme Vals spa in Switzerland, the Zinc Mine Museum in Norway and the Brother Klaus Field Chapel … The Bruder Klaus Field Chapel, completed in 2007 is located on an agricultural landscape in the … The Saint Benedict Chapel, located in the village of Sumvitg, Graubünden, was designed by the Pritzker Prize Laureate Peter Zumthor in 1988. The interior of this small chapel, dedicated to 15th century Swiss Saint Nicholas von der Flüe or Brother Klaus, was initially constructed with 112 tree trunks and pine logs arranged in the form of a tent. Zumthor's plan was to ram concrete in and around the tent structure, allowing it to set for about a month in the middle of a farm field. Contact Premium Switzerland today, and be assured we will do our utmost to help you plan the perfect business trip, luxury vacation or medical clinic visit. In 2017, Zumthor said the community spa concept had been destroyed by greedy developers at Therme Vals spa. The Chapel is a privately owned and it’s a place of silence, meditation and prayer. Zumthor founded his own firm in 1979. It has been long noted that Zumthor chooses his projects for reasons other than the profit motive. Like the protective housing for the Roman ruins in Chur, the Saint Benedict Chapel seems like it was just built—as comfortable as an old friend, as current as a new song. In the church, the only thing to survive that war unscathed was an old Gothic image of the Virgin placed on a pillar. "For believers, this was certainly the moment for prayer.". The "teardrop-shaped floor plan directed my movement into a loop, or spiral, until I eventually sat down on one of the massive wooden benches," Ursprung writes. The interior walls not only have retained the charred smell of burning wood, but also have the impression of the wood trunks. Let Premium Switzerland guide you to the best Switzerland has to offer: luxury services, premium holiday destinations, city guides, private medical clinics, Swiss boarding schools and financial advice. (Vitg 221, 7174 Sumvitg, Graubünden)At first sight, this 1986 … The year Peter Zumthor was awarded the Pritzker Prize, architecture critic Paul Goldberger called Zumthor "a great creative force who deserves to be better known outside the world of architecture." The timber-construction chapel is tapered to the extreme shape of the site, which is high on a nearly vertical meadow. Architect Peter Zumthor's respect for history incorporated the ruins of Saint Columba with a 21st century museum for the Catholic Archdiocese. Peter Zumthor designed 22 apartments for independent-minded senior citizens to live near a continuing care facility. In Peter Zumthor’s book, Peter Zumthor 1985-2013.Buildings and Projects, Zumthor describes the reasoning for constructing the church in the form he did along with why he chose the materials that it is made of: “Like old churches, its form expresses its sacredness and distinguishes it from the secular buildings…but the church departs from tradition – it is built of wood. The architect chose open wooden slats to create walls along the original outer walls of a complete Roman quarter. welcome@premiumswitzerland.com, © 2020 Mehrwert-Services AG, all rights reserved. Zumthor has taught at University of Southern California Institute of Architecture and SCI-ARC in Los Angeles (1988), the Technical University of Munich (1989), Tulane University (1992), and the Harvard Graduate School of Design (1999). The son of a cabinet maker, the Swiss architect is often praised for the detailed and careful craftsmanship of his designs. After dark, simple inside lighting glows from the simple wooden box-like architecture, making the interior spaces the constant focus of ancient architecture. In order to design buildings with a sensuous connection to life, one must think in a way that goes far beyond form and construction. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, 1986: Protective Housing for Roman Excavations, Chur, Graubünden, Switzerland, 1988: Saint Benedict Chapel in Sumvitg, Graubünden, Switzerland, 1993: Homes for Senior Citizens in Masans, Graubünden, Switzerland, 1996: Thermal Bath at Vals, Graubünden, Switzerland, 2007: Brother Klaus Field Chapel in Wachendorf, Eifel, Germany, 2007: Art Museum Kolumba in Köln, Germany, Winners of the Pritzker Prize in Architecture, Famous Architects and Designers Born in April, Biography of Glenn Murcutt, Australian Architect, Biography of Renzo Piano, Italian Architect, The Architecture of Jørn Utzon - Selected Works, Richard Meier, Architect of Light and Space, Biography of Norman Foster, High-Tech Architect, An Introduction to Architect Eduardo Souto de Moura, Therme Vals Spa Has Been Destroyed Says Peter Zumthor, Under-the-Radar Swiss Architect Wins Pritzker, Earthworks: The Architecture of Peter Zumthor, Doctor of Arts, University of Albany, SUNY, M.S., Literacy Education, University of Albany, SUNY, B.A., English, Virginia Commonwealth University. The field chapel was commissioned and mainly built by a German farmer, his family, and friends, on one of his fields near the village. It's not about paper, it's not about forms. Architectural remnants of ancient Rome are found throughout Europe. "I work a little bit like a sculptor,” Zumthor told the New York Times. It's been called "the interior of a time machine": After an avalanche destroyed the chapel in the village of Sogn Benedetg (St. Benedict), the town and the clergy enlisted the local master architect to create a contemporary replacement. Saint Benedict Chapel by Atelier Peter Zumthor in Sumvitg, Switzerland best puts on display what Peter Zumthor is … He is famous for his baths at Vals in Switzerland, as well as for his Bruder Chapel outside Cologne in Germany and his Kolumba Museum in Cologne itself. More information about the Graubünden Archaeological Service, Contact us for more information about The Timber Houses. Winner of the Pritzker Prize for Architecture 2009, Swiss architect Peter Zumthor is considered to be one of the most extraordinary and controversial architects working today. Architect Thom Mayne's firm Morphosis has been enlisted to build a 1250-foot minimalist skyscraper on the property of the mountain retreat. With the exception of a small chapel built on the site in 1949 by local architect Gottfried Böhm in remembrance of the devastating bombing, the ruins had stayed untouched until Peter Zumthor’s Kolumba Museum was put up in 2007. Before we visited the space, I thought that the scale of this chapel, set in a village in Germany, was probably the most special thing about it. On an archaeological site in Cologne, Peter Zumthor draws on stone lacework to illuminate one of his most complex works. However, please note that the road that goes past the church is a mountain road with gravel. Top tip: Hike all the way from Therme Vals – the hamlet is 45 minutes away – and reward yourself with the delicious soup of the day at the charming restaurant located near the houses. This concept rings true in the design of Peter Zumthor to the Bruder Klaus Field Chapel, where a mystical and intimate interior that invites reflection, is masked by a very rigid rectangular outer. It's about space and material. Photograph by Hélène Binet This field chapel, which opened in 2007, is a wonderful embodiment of both Klaus's asceticism, and Zumthor's own reserve. Peter Zombori CEO Mehrwert-Services AG, Premium Switzerland – Switzerland’s official Premium Service Platform. The medieval Sankt Kolumba church was destroyed in World War II. I believe architecture is about that. The field chapel dedicated to Swiss Saint Nicholas von der Flüe (1417–1487), known as Brother Klaus, was commissioned by farmer Hermann … June 2, 2020 The Saint Benedict Chapel, located in the village of Sumvitg, Graubünden, was designed by the Pritzker Prize Laureate Peter Zumthor in 1988. In order to design buildings with a sensuous connection to life, one must think in a way that goes far beyond form and construction - Peter Zumthor The Feld Kappele is a Catholic Chapel in Mechernich Germany. The field chapel was commissioned and mainly built by a German farmer, his family, and friends, on one of his fields near the village. From his most famous to his most personal building, this article covers 5 of the most inspiring works of Peter Zumthor in his homeland, Switzerland. -Peter Zumthor. Dr. Philip Ursprung describes the experience of entering the building as if one were putting on a coat, not an awe-inspiring experience but something transformational. Saint Benedict Chapel, Sumvitg. The wood shingle cladding gives way to full clerestory windows at the top. Whilst massive projects may be complex programmatically, it is modest projects that showcase an architect’s eye for detail and refinement. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Peter Zumthor strives to make buildings where the interior empty space and the outdoor form isn’t the same. The new building, as Zumthor conceives it, is an elevated, single-story structure loosely shaped like a Matisse cutout. After finishing his studies at Pratt Institute in New York in 1967, Peter Zumthor returned to Switzerland to work for the Department for the Preservation of Monuments in Graubünden before founding his own firm in 1979. Although well-known in architecture circles—Zumthor was awarded the RIBA Gold Medal four years after the Pritzker—his quiet demeanor has kept him from the starchitecture world, and that may be all right with him. It is a cylinder that turns into an oval and then into a keel. As an introduction, the St. Benedict Chapel was built in the village of Sumvitg, Graubünden in Switzerland shortly after a 1984 avalanche wiped out the original Baroque-style chapel. A bankrupt hotel complex from the 1960s was transformed by Zumthor's ingenuity. For three weeks, a smoldering fire burned until the interior tree trunks separated from the concrete. Peter Zumthor (born on April 26, 1943 in Basel, Switzerland) won architecture's top prizes, the 2009 Pritzker Architecture Prize from the Hyatt Foundation and the esteemed Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 2013. However, upon experiencing it, a whole new … The most outrageous development? “ Like old churches, its form expresses its sacredness and distinguishes it from the secular buildings…but the church departs from tradition – it is built of wood. Call us if we can help you in any way: ", The architecture shown here is representative of the work that the Pritzker jury called "focused, uncompromising and exceptionally determined.". Our expert advisers will assist you in planning your trip to Switzerland and can give you the benefit of professional expertise and local insight, whatever the reason for your trip. +41 44 504 55 55, Or send us an E-Mail About 65 miles south of Koln, Germany, Peter Zumthor built what some consider his most intriguing work. Zumthor used local stone cut into 60,000 slab layers, thick concrete walls, and a grass roof to make the building part of the environment—a vessel for the 86 F waters that flow from the mountains. Zumthor designed the chapel with a precise and dynamic geometry that gets emphasized by being located on a hill. The tear-dropped building flairs slightly at the base as it meets the concrete foundation. Apr 26, 2015 - Explore Tim Jacoby's board "Peter Zumthor, Bruder Klaus Field Chapel, Wachendorf", followed by 275 people on Pinterest. Pritzker Prize-winning Peter Zumthor and Annalisa Zumthor designed the Caplutta Sogn Benedetg in Sumvitg Switzerland, completed in 1988. Zumthor's work is largely unpublished in part because of his philosophical belief that architecture must be experienced first hand. Zumthor accepted the commission for a nominal fee, and set about creating a building that would celebrate both the local area and the hermit-like life of Klaus. His practice grew quickly and he accepted more international projects. On the ground floor of the museum, the large exhibition space winds with silent intensity around the archaeological remains, brought to light between 1973 and 1976. "In paring down architecture to its barest yet most sumptuous essentials, he has reaffirmed architecture’s indispensable place in a fragile world," declared the jury. The Brother Klaus Field Chapel, Germany by Peter Zumthor. The brilliance of the design is that visitors can view the remains of the Gothic cathedral (inside and outside) along with museum artifacts—making history part of the museum experience, literally. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Peter Zumthor chose to also respect the community's values and architecture, showing the world that modernity can fit into anyone's culture. It has been long noted that Zumthor chooses his projects for reasons other than the profit motive. With entrance porches to the east and sheltered balconies to the west, each unit takes advantage of the site's mountain and valley views. This quote from Peter Zumthor rings true in his design of Bruder Klaus Field Chapel, where a mystical and thought-proving interior is masked by a very rigid rectangular exterior. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Pritzker Jury awarded Peter Zumthor the 2009 Pritzker Architecture Prize in part for "penetrating vision and subtle poetry" not only in his portfolio of buildings, but also in his writings. They range from sectional models of the Bagsværd Church (1976) by Jorn Utzon and the Saint Benedict Chapel (1988) by Peter Zumthor, a fully furnished three-dimensional presentation of … Then, Zumthor set fire to the inside. A top luxury travel experience is guaranteed with Premium Switzerland: make it your choice of destination for a holiday in 2014. His published written work is mostly narrative and phenomenological. A theme that runs through Zumthor's architecture is the "now-ness" of his work. Chur, Switzerland is no exception. The entire community has turned into a sort of "cabaret," in Zumthor's opinion. The Thermal Bath at Vals in Graubünden, Switzerland are often considered architect Peter Zumthor's masterpiece—at least by the public. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Peter Zumthor is frequently described as the greatest architect at work in the world today, and has recently been awarded the internationally prestigious Pritzker Prize. Meets the concrete foundation write a book review and share your experiences the top designed the chapel with a and! 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