The portal that (3) trains use to move between the two lines is actually located directly along the western end of Long Island’s terminal moraine. The width of the track is called the track gauge, but this is the same for both divisions. This tunnel is almost entirely straight and level, allowing residents from the valley reach the subway without having to trek uphill. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. When the line was extended across the Harlem River in 1907, the station was removed. There is no station at 191st St (remember this didn’t come until 1911) but the location of 190th St is pointed out on the map. 145th St was the original northern terminus of the East Side Branch (IRT Lenox Ave Line) of the original subway, and opened November 23rd, 1904 along with the rest of the east side branch. Unlike the other two lines this far north in Manhattan, the IRT Broadway-7th Ave Line doesn’t have a station at 135th St, the major east-west cross street in the area. The station entrance is in the Hotel St. George, once the largest hotel in New York City. Menu & Reservations Make Reservations . The original South Ferry station, a five-car balloon loop, was also replaced with a two-track terminal in 2009; the new South Ferry terminal was rebuilt in 2017 after being flooded during Hurricane Sandy in 2012. To make room for the platform extension at 72nd Street, the track layout was changed. The only other place this layout exists for any significant stretch is on the Central Park West Line. Is this station above ground? When it opened in 1904 it stretched from 147th to 150th Street. This layout is repeated on the IND 8th Ave Line station at Penn Station, as well as at Atlantic Ave-Barclays Center on the IRT Eastern Pkwy Line. The 240th Street Yard is located between Van Cortlandt Park-242nd Street and 238th Street. The Dual Contracts promised the construction of several lines in Brooklyn. This station is at ground level. The New Lots Line is elevated because southeastern Brooklyn has quite a high water table, meaning that subway construction in this region is prohibitively expensive, and the tunnels would be prone to flooding. Also, the Ghostbusters firehouse is located near this station. This bottleneck was removed on February 6, 1959. This would have also involved walling off the express tracks at 72nd St, turning that into a local only station. Since the era of the Dual Contracts, construction and ownership of the lines has been carried out by the city, with private companies franchised to operate the system and therefore all of the subway and elevated infrastructure has been built to a wider width than the original subway. [25] However, only the Dyckman Street, 215th Street, and 221st Street stations opened on that date as the other stations were not yet completed. I mentioned above that passengers used the local platforms as entrances to 96th St until 2010. The Manhattan end of the South Ferry route was the very southern tip of Manhattan Island. A new mezzanine with stairways to the street was built between West 93rd Street and West 94th Street. A typical IRT elevated terminal, the station isn’t very interesting in and of itself. Crown Heights-Utica Ave is an unusual station for a number of reasons. The second portion of the line, that south of 42nd Street, was constructed as part of the Dual Contracts, which were signed between the IRT, the New York Municipal Railway (a subsidiary of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company), and the City of New York. [2] The Brooklyn Branch, known as the Wall and William Streets Branch during construction,[3][4] from the main line at Chambers Street southeast through the Clark Street Tunnel to Borough Hall in Downtown Brooklyn, is also part of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. When the library was under construction, which started in 1912, plans included the shell of a two track, two platform subway station. Réservez en … This viaduct keeps the subway tracks relatively level across the valley, rather than having two very steep slopes in quick succession. [14] However, as of 2007, emergency exit signs label Borough Hall as an IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line station, and the two parts of Borough Hall are signed as being along the Broadway–Seventh Avenue and IRT Eastern Parkway Lines. The result of this was two islands stuck in between the newly created oxbow lakes, one of which was Marble Hill. ( Log Out /  [20], Operation of the first subway began on October 27, 1904, with the opening of all stations from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch. The line has some tight curves through the narrow streets of lower Manhattan, meaning trains move through this area pretty slowly. Some express trains ran to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn via the Joralemon Street Tunnel during rush hours while all other trains turned around at City Hall or South Ferry. That will be discussed in the IRT Lexington Ave Line post. Cortlandt Street, which was directly underneath the World Trade Center, was demolished as part of the clean-up, to be rebuilt as part of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. 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The bypassed stations were served by locals originating from Dyckman Street. This station sits on a high curve, just before a sharp S-curve. This was changed in 1959 with all Lenox Line trains running express south of 96th St. (1) IRT Broadway-7th Ave Line (West Side Branch). There have been proposals to extend this northern section of the IRT Lenox Ave Line to the IRT Jerome Ave Line (the (4)), but these never came to fruition. vellum roll sign section. The 450-foot passageway between the Sixth Ave. IND and IRT #7 opened in 1971, and is at the opposite end of the #7 5th Ave. Station. This is also the only station on the line in which the middle trackbed actually has a track in it. [68], On March 16, 2009, the new South Ferry station opened, replacing the original loop station. In order for the line to continue down Varick Street and West Broadway, these streets needed to be widened, and two new streets were built, the Seventh Avenue Extension and the Varick Street Extension. The rather ornate portal is at the northern end of the Fort George Hill, which appears nearly vertical at the end of the tunnel. The South Ferry station opened as one of the first ever extensions to the subway system. [41], The local tracks ran to South Ferry, while the express tracks used the Brooklyn branch to Wall Street, extended to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn via the Clark Street Tunnel on April 15, 1919. [13], The Clark Street Tunnel carries the 2 and ​3 trains under the East River between the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn. Most of them are due to the IND system, which was built later than, and in direct competition with, the two private companies. There are other places with this layout, but those are all just stations (like Lexington Ave-63rd St on the BMT/IND 63rd St Lines) rather than entire lines. Between this station and the next (145th St) is the 137th St Yard, a five-track storage yard occasionally used to terminate trains before 242nd St. [41][42] In order to pass under the Broadway and Park Row subway lines, this branch has grades as steep as 3%, being located 60 feet (18 m) below surface level. This can cause some congestion, as southbound (2) trains block northbound (3) trains. This is the northernmost station on Manhattan Island, but not the northernmost station in Manhattan. It is slightly more unusual that a private institution constructed the station shell, but it is possible the library’s planners believed that having the station in place would encourage the IRT to expand and use it. The line was constructed in two main portions by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), a private operator. Despite one entrance containing elevators and the other being one long flat tunnel, the station is not handicap accessible, because the platforms can only be reached by stairs. There used to be one on the IRT Lexington Ave Line, but throughout the 1940s and ’50s IRT platforms were extended all over the system which caused the abandonment of some original stations, Lexington 18th St being one of them. Built as a deep bore under the hills of northern Central Park, the tunnel has two sharp corners restricting train speed. In 1836, in order to better serve the needs of South Brooklyn (which at this point meant south of Atlantic Avenue), the South Ferry Company was organized in order to provide ferry service to residents, and to the Long Island Railroad which had a terminal at the foot of Atlantic Avenue and the East River. The IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (also known as the IRT Seventh Avenue Line or the IRT West Side Line) is a New York City Subway line. 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