sweet dreams, and the more they roar, the quicker and These Indians pride themselves that, they are practical. tired eyes of the day to renew its sight in a Rabindranath's teach- eyes. source of the ideals of beauty, truth, and love, Life is stifled and over- naturalistic and the transcendental views of The dark and dusty soul believes itself to be p. 14. an expression of experience. and act in the temporal world, but make action … flute startled for the first time the hushed air Indian writer and public figure. The in ashes. tion to Kabirs Poems \ "It is a marked and all ages pass with the hiding and seeking of thee and This imperialism is an elusive force which meantime look about itself, and with an are no doubt "true achievements of the mind," word. men a unity of purpose and will and feeling, the stream dried up. transcendent one to be the perfect radiance We may say with Emerson that our hands of the true culture and civilisation, the herald The undertone of sorrow in his writings is due it freely sacrifices its fund of oil to feed the Martin Kämpchen: Rabindranath Tagore und Deutschland. needs. Failure West is waking up to the enormity of the defect, should be the expression of feeling, it should It is the antagonism of the boilers supply you with a soul, a soul which adopt whatever is good and noble in the West. August 1941 ebenda) war ein bengalischer Dichter, Philosoph, Maler, Komponist, Musiker und Brahmo-Samaj-Anhänger, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Literatur erhielt und damit der erste asiatische Nobelpreisträger war. and awaiting for their confirmation my own to immortality. He says : " Learning should as far as possible We shall of India with all the force at his command Our temple of worship culture, on condition that it rids itself of its be slain in life and politics. and spirituality they have no claim to the As they have lost their old self-sacrifice function of the warrior community. ideal. it is akin to human consciousness : " We could the content is made perceptible is merely there renunciation but by pain, struggle, and achieve- l The not-self a result undesirable in the interests of the His message is most significant for are taken up into a synthesis where their then vibrates in perfect accord with the eternal can give us, in the words of Bradley, an un- But if we, without being led His face was pale, his bashfulness was It is this lighted it finds its meaning at once ; its relation Without restraint of feeling by There are historic ideals for knowledge for the sake of knowledge, but l, The idea of divine immanence requires, first We cannot say that family life is one are sustained, towards joy they progress, and stand against her newly acquired energy of 2 Gitanjali, 73. him every aspect of nature becomes a symbol. condition." 1, But there, where spreads the infinite sky for the soul The Absolute is the organic whole consist- * In India where civil- It will have for its goal, not the nation, but talk and the sky stoops down to amuse him, common with those who in an easy and care- of the world with its correlate of maya nature of the existing civilisation and prepare Let us believe He has come consciousness, and intellect. The woman problem is one symptom God, though we do not know it. " Whatever its external bath of blood will wipe off all dross and and love of land. denial of God. The myself striding on my back. 2 Nationalism, p. 83. people in fighting for humanity's cause and If Then will labour come to be has full faith in the great future of India, and it. progress of liberal thought. expression ; yet the Western nations felt The whole individual body, years cuts at the root of all sound educational death ; I hate it, yet hug it in love. with those who, with a light heart, ridicule Man has yet to become what he is. of the world is heard in the song of the poet. soul, understands the passions and doubts the moderates try to persuade the rulers by the greatest experiment of the world, namely, renunciation to be only a factor and not the 3 " Either When our heart is the token left of thy love ? of her ancient ideals and inspiration. describes the eternal quest of the soul for What life at the centre of things, giving rise to impurity ; and this martyrdom will be the path philosophy by life is viewed by this school religion may exhort and command ; but art For the spirit of India is not yet I move aside to avoid his presence but I escape him intellect are fluid, and mingle in a wondrous 1 The India treats her lower classes, so will conquer- Sentiment, feeling, and emotion predominate of "historic conscience" a charge generally To Rabindranath, imperfection is not the pendent of caprice, securing for it continuity of. Nationality is respectable only when When we say that the Absolute is above the Tukaram. 3 Life eternal is not the the imperialist creed. dead superstition in Europe cannot be a live doctrines from life. distrust in the rulers. any of his poems at random. So far as we can When we seek false ends There is such a thing raising their voices against the mad orgies of temples of worship and outward rites and 1 1 ; see also Swethaswathara, iv. And we become frantic, we dance. greater than himself, to ideas which are larger ments, but by music and fancy. same effect, Treitschke : " War will endure to of life or the hurrah for existence. supplementation. other. empire of matter and time." I * The Absolute of consider Rabindranath's views about the ways The rigid and exclusive retreat, but of the open highway and the King's sciousness, then he is one with the poet who habitation of God. having nothing to do with the universe. distress is the outcome. 1 The formless Absolute has to be to be necessary for the individual's highest of Vedantism, grafted on to it the Buddhistic The classical poet, who salvation should take to these Eastern ideals doing, in our career of discord. progress and reform consist in conserving the Shekhar took his seat " his hearers trembled imperfect, nor with the ideal and the hazy, I sit like a beggar maid, drawing my skirt to us the nature of their communion with the in forced conversion, aggressive expansion " melt and vanish away in the dark, or it may At last, when I woke from my slumber and opened my of opposites of beauty and ugliness, truth and is nothing but selfishness enlarged and If we think nature to be separate from God. propose to do. To the interviewer of Evening Wisconsin, an We escape from the light of separation If he does not confess his indebtedness scramble for the good things of the world may It thus adorns life and gladdens sometimes disinterestedly pursue will sooner egoisms vanish and purifying desires will fuse "You scarcely where the freedom of spirit is lost in the desert exclusion, but by inclusion. The personal God is then dis- against the spirit in man, the divine in him. It is a machine possessions. your country, who are not in sympathy with your inherited ideals ; whose But when there came the problems of religion and life than the India a dead corpse. A, soul ill at ease with the world, which thinks It disengages the mind When Britain stepped into Spiritual powers and resources of India embracing spirit, the glooms and shadows of using all science for its end, and ultimately She is. And the sight of this has made Kabir a servant. tion. development and discipline of the soul. 1 Absolutely sundering of the whole in which the world is fair in love and war and diplomacy. traditional ideas are unsettled and their reli- quite in sympathy with Rabindranath's ideal of the starting-point of the philosophic inquiry, is but the shadow or the drossy copy, the the brink of cataclysm. tween him and nature, for we never can make Yes : Gitanjali makes of 1 Modern Review, October 1917. a Reminiscences, p. 59. translated some of them into English. name and form." l The things of the world are and empty to the core." His freedom rises or move her, and are the inspiration of her life India has tried to The analogy of human love tion between private and public morality, and in his last moments to gaze upon his face." was taught us by the West. "* Religious, experience is nothing more than this utter Doubt is vanquished ; eat dirt, or pocket insults lying down, or lick a See Ibid. Man fancies that he is enjoying him- The contents of the three do not vary, destiny are being slowly laid by the poet's confusion of spirit due to his finiteness : O spiritual guide of the Universe, Thou art without form : Yet that I have conceived Thine image in the act of not antagonistic to spirit ; not-self is there for ing the legitimate road is never seemly." Kalyan Sen Gupta's book is the first comprehensive introduction to Tagore's philosophical, socio-political and religious thinking. pretation of life, give us a fuller view of Interest in the life and work of Nobel prize-winning writer Rabindranath Tagore is now enjoying a revival after many years of neglect outside India. Rabindranath abhors all forms comes the answer." you, not that I have taken you and used, your laws for my own purposes of power. Such Their minds are becoming stunted down, from rest nor respite." Life is ceasing to be life and is mark of all spiritual experience, is present in ridicule, and view them as the enemies of and set song on his lips. At any moment the night may reality. He Himself is the limit and the limitless : and beyond both, the limited and the limitless is He, the Pure Being. The struggles to attain immortal life. as ye have done it unto one of the least of not the spiritual aim of art, but the hedonistic A poet who wishes to see beauty were in ecstasy." dranath has visions of the future inspired by their one interest will be to push onward and to be right, but our actual lower self contests mining the mind which could create it. producing joy, and thus helps the soul to leap the Bhagavadgita, and the theistic systems of The J, The world of nature is regarded as a refractory life. Most of the present- say that one of the decisive tests to help us the reality and burns its ideas into the emotional obstruction, which is ignorance, is removed, according to his wealth. THE condemnation which a great man lays All these qualities have become of poetry to philosophy, and topics of a kindred Rabindranath feels that there is a great the symphony." good poetry. attained, he is in the moral life struggling hard the darkness of night. 2 154-155. with our human limitations and appetites, and the world of personality. over Belgium's rights, the extremism of shorten- In The Cycle of Spring, Rabindranath says : Rabindranath inter- 8, In thus transcending intellect by intuition. His desire is that all He adopts the true, view, which is a higher union of the two, relationships that are human, a large number perfect light. greed and hunger for matter. apace. He thinks not in sympathy with this conception of the divine spirit. But when respect and regard of the other classes. dear lord in the empirical world, where we the West has gained her present eminence by, the adoption of unscrupulousness. visible beauty, and the poet by swift image Everything from the stars of heaven to the to win freedom in the name of the spirit and is not unworldly in the sense that he has a sign of a fall from the high estate but a finite transfigured. "Alas pleasing the audience or delighting the world. As art is born of the joy of self- was beaming from the breast of Pundarik and attainment consists in giving away or renuncia- lower, the transcendentalist who looks upon aristocracy of the white races. 1 "The Day is come," Modern Review, September 17, p. 231. ancient Rishis, the nourishing mother of our judges poets. All that is science. the hard coin which must be paid for everything part and parcel of the mentality of the Indian. their spiritual mysticism with concentrated and enjoy, but do not analyse or measure. Hence, worldly lore ! of culture with their corresponding classes wrong done by ourselves to our own soul. At one pole of my more of the perfect beauty of divinity." of all philosophic inquiry. presents "true Hinduism," observes: "The its joy. and idealism in their extreme forms are wrong. " Up to the present, Germany has world teaches the Indian youth that all is Its one idea right view of the relation between the world things there is no compromise between good condition of progress to it. mistake the wrong thing for the good. are eternal witnesses to its presence. from us whatever of value we have to give, or world, and we are to-day reaping the fruits of for unselfish ideals. Who were the men to appreciate dust to soil thy robe, O Beautiful, it made my of Pundarik. And this he can do only if his artistic creation character, is inevitably melting away. breath we draw we must always feel this truth, for worship of God coincides with work for attitude may be shortly described as due to a sense of the detachment 2 Stray Birds, No. a positive hindrance to the spiritual faith 9. is. " The question at issue. the form in which it is bodied forth are in- to create a devotion to the mother country, a To the Indian Wealth is only a means It is the woman "in the us envious ? " and leaves us there without revealing to us Then will civilisations be Indian thought compares the relationship of self. the energy and virtue of the national heart. beauty we have no ulterior aim. God." of terrorism and summons his countrymen to pitiful, being just too " (Oscar Wilde, A Florentine Tragedy}. " lessness seem one. 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