Kuhns, Michael R.; Dettenmaier, Megan; and Tegt, Jessica, "Identifying and Preventing Porcupine Damage to Trees" (2019). I can usually spot telltale signs of porcupine damage by looking at the treetops when I'm in the woods. Porcupines occasionally will cause considerable losses by damaging fruits, sweet corn, alfalfa, and small grains. Many animals get the idea and back off long before this happens. Crested porcupine crop damages occur mainly in private vegetable gardens in the surroundings of human settlements [11]. However, a study in a red spruce area in Maine, with 20 to 28 porcupines per 2.5 km 2 , showed the loss of trees was only 0.5 percent. Q. You can put the electric line just above the top of an existing fence so the porcupine hits it with his nose or it can be close to the ground. Copyright, USU Library - 3000 Old Main Hill - Logan UT 84322 - 435.797.0816. Porcupines eat herbaceous plants, inner tree bark, twigs, and leaves (when present). Please keep in mind, the porcupine, like all wild animals, is part of nature and plays a vital role in our ecosystem. As spring arrives, new green leaves will mask the destruction. In cooler weather, a porcupine feeds on conifer needles and gnaws on bark, which can cause conflict when it chooses to dine on a property owner's favorite oak. Porcupines in Utah will damage fruit trees, vegetable gardens, and some So, why should porcupines be seen as the enemy? The North American tree porcupine is commonly found in wooded areas of North America, with the exception of the Southeastern states. Step 1 Surround the trunk of a tree with porcupine wire, a type of barbed wire available at farm supply and garden centers. Porcupines expose tree roots, girdle tree trunks, and clip branches off trees with their chewing. Porcupines clip twigs and branches that fall to the ground or onto snow and often provide food for deer and other mammals. Stripped bark exposes trees to disease, and those affected often die. The spray nozzles on these products are also unlikely to reach the tops of trees where the porcupines are doing the damage. Porcupines are not just one of those pests that do their thing; they are disasters. | > On sunny days the pale wood where the bark has been stripped off really stands out in the woods. Just be sure to check your provincial regulations for specifics. FAQ North American Porcupine Ecology and Behavior. Porcupines: Scourge of the springtime willow tree Through most of the 20th century, the state paid hunters a bounty for each porcupine killed. By Katie Drewitz, U of M Extension . Properties with trees, ... porcupines can wreak significant damage to wood piles and ... aluminum flashing around the trunks of individual trees to prevent porcupine access,” Dill said. This becomes even more important if the tree is near your home or other structure. Porcupines in trees eat bark around the roots or … Bear Safety Part 1: Bear Behavior & Why Bears Attack - Duration: 19:56. Animal repellent sprays may work but need to be reapplied every 40 days or after rain. Megan Dettenmaier, Utah State UniversityFollow They love to chew on plywood and pressed board. Porcupines feed on salt and salt residue, and have been known to chew on leather items and even the brake lines of vehicles. | There are products you can apply to damaged trees that seal the outer bark to prevent further damage and infection. This red pine had the bark stripped off it by a porcupine, which has wider incisors than a squirrel. Porcupines are rodents that need to sharpen their teeth, so they may chew on wood in your backyard. Porcupine damage to red pine. 1. Porcupine and squirrels feed on the bark of trees, stripping it from branches and main stems. > | Trees will die if the damage is severe enough. Significant gnawing on a larger tree may be repaired over time. Solo Survival: How to Survive Alone in the Wilderness for 1 week --Eastern Woodlands - Duration: 34:07. It is in a large pile, as porcupines often stay in a tree for a while. The North American porcupine is nocturnal, foraging in the trees during the darkness of night. Damage. When living in the woods and feeding on wild trees, porcupines go unnoticed. On older trees, they are attracted to the thin bark that accompanies the new growth at the top of a tree. weaken the tree and make it more vulnerable to damage from diseases, insects, and birds. Electric fences are effective when the smooth electric wire is placed 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm) above an 18-inch-high (46-cm) poultry wire. ST. There is also a chance that the porcupine would move back into the area after being relocated. Hope this helps. Complete girdling is lethal, while partial girdling reduces growth rates and provides avenues for insect and disease infestations. During winter and early spring, damage to trees caused by porcupines and squirrels is evident in some areas. The size of the tooth marks left in the wood is the key. Porcupines can cause damage to a lot of things around any home or farm. The porcupine is the second largest rodent mammal in Canada after the beaver. While this animal feeds mainly on the inner bark of trees, it also feeds on a variety of other plants. Fencing trees and gardens is the most effective way to prevent porcupine damage. Each of these animals has a distinct pattern when chewing on trees. Trees are often deformed from partial girdling. Porcupine Damage. County Horticulture Educator > Damage. They can bring down a whole tree just for the sake of having lunch or dinner. They cause wounds and serious injury to the tree if they girdle the tree by removing the bark all the way around the circumference of the trunk. Clipped twigs on fresh snow, tracks, and gnawings on trees are useful means of damage identification (Fig. The damage reported starts at the top of the tree with the bark being stripped off of the upper branches and progresses to the trunk. Additional Resources Porcupine Damage Management , eXtension No need to register, buy now! The damage reported starts at the top of the tree with the bark being stripped off the of the upper branches and progresses to the trunk. Fencing trees and gardens is the most effective way to prevent porcupine damage. addition, trees that are killed and felled due to porcupine damage can provide shelter and nest sites for other wildlife. browsing, gnawing or rubbing) Height of damage ; Time of year when damage occurred his fact sheet describes the basic ecology and behavior of the porcupine and identifies ways to determine if porcupines are damaging trees on your property. They tend to like fairly thin bark and like to sit on a branch or … A porcupine can strip a bark off a tree and kill it. 1:45. Extension > My Account Many were even green pellets. Darvil McBride 2,656 views. Use mousetraps. We explain specific techniques for protecting trees and property from porcupine damage Paper 2053.https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/extension_curall/2053. Porcupines and squirrels damage trees by eating the bark. This description fits the damage done by porcupines. Over the past month, many people have called into the Extension office to report damage to their trees. What look like horizontal teeth or claw marks are actually the exposed beetle tunnels. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. his fact sheet describes the basic ecology and behavior of the porcupine and identifies ways to determine if porcupines are damaging trees on your property. These beetles burrowed in the cambium layer, making the channels. Porcupines are not the only animal that damage trees in the winter months. Species from chinchillas to marmots to tree squirrels may live for 20 years, and porcupines can stick around even longer. Home Both porcupine families include some of … Multiple trees or an entire area can be enclosed in a single fence. Porcupines not only damage trees in the forest. Extension in your Community > > Porcupine Tree Damage, University of Minnesota Extension, Stearns County News, Source:                       Katie Drewitz, Extension Educator-Horticulture, By Katie Drewitz, University of Minnesota Extension. ... legal and responsible wildlife control and damage prevention advice Although porcupines are great tree climbers and can live on several species of trees, they seem to prefer, white, birch, ponderosa, pinion, hemlock, spruce, elm and poplar. ... A typical porcupine’s home range is about 50 acres. Porcupines are rodents that need to sharpen their teeth, so they may chew on wood in your backyard. I don't think they like to spend a lot of time on the ground in the open. Porcupines are nocturnal and normally blend in well with the trees they sleep in, so they are hard (but not impossible) to hunt or catch in cages. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. As long as they don’t cause significant damage to property such as chewing on wooden structures or damage to trees, then they can be tolerated. Porcupines are considered nongame animals and are not protected. Stearns. | Porcupine damage to conifer tree trunk and branches (Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org). All Current Publications. Matt Stearns > Porcupine damage to conifer tree trunk and branches (Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org). If the damage isn’t severe enough to kill the tree it will be more susceptible to insects and disease. We were able to erect a non-climb fence around the tree to keep the porcupine away, and we saved it just in the nick of time! Articles On smaller trees you can cover the trunk so they can't chew the bark or climb the tree. Porcupine sign: a) tracks showing drag marks of tail; b) toothmarks on tree limbs. - Duration: 1:45. the damage doesnt go all the way around, but the gashes are significant especially up one main branch. > They are vegetarians. About Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Best Ways To Get Rid Of Porcupines. Porcupine tree damage. Backing towards the attacker, the porcupine continues to warn. Install 18 to 24 inch high woven wire The female's pregnancy lasts for 202 days. Trees that have been girdled by chewing will die, often ruining thousands of dollars’ worth of landscaping. Many people consider porcupines to be a nuisance because of the damage they cause to trees and wooden structures. Find the perfect porcupine damage stock photo. Prevent raccoons from tree climbing to avoid further property damage. Damage, symptoms and biology. Home Electric fences are effective when the smooth electric wire is placed 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm) above an 18-inch-high (46-cm) poultry wire. Porcupines are active year-round and are primarily nocturnal. Abstract A study was made of Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) damage in a syringa (Melia azedarach)/white stinkwood (Celtis africana) forest on the Doornport Game Ranch, north of Pretoria, South Africa.Syringa is an exotic species and stinkwood is indigenous. New Hampshire > Animal is damaging my vehicles > Porcupine. The North American porcupine can do substantial damage to trees by eating their bark, a behavior that can bring the species into conflict with humans. Porcupines are known to climb tress at the first sign of danger. Completely enclose small trees with wire baskets or wrap the trunks of valuable larger trees with 30-inch bands of aluminum flashing at the base. Each of these animals has a distinct pattern when chewing on trees. Porcupines are rodents that need to sharpen their teeth, so they may chew on wood in your backyard. Porcupines: Porcupine damage will typically be high up in the tree and will focus on the trunk bark and branches. Electric fencing can sometimes work in small orchards. ... How to protect my trees and shrubs from porcupines Explore this solution. Well, it all depends on how problematic a porcupine is. NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window. I'm not familiar with porcupine damage, but all kinds of things will strip bark to get at the bugs inside a tree. Porcupines feed on salt and salt residue, and have been known to chew on leather items and even the brake lines of vehicles. Trees with thin, smooth bark are often preferred over those with rough, thick bark. In cooler weather, a porcupine feeds on conifer needles and gnaws on bark, which can cause conflict when it chooses to dine on a property owner's favorite oak. The bear tore off all the bark it could reach to get at the beetles underneath. Porcupines can cause significant damage to personal and public property by feeding on trees. Just because we are seeing slightly higher reports of porcupine damage this winter does not necessarily mean that the trend will continue. We explain specific techniques for protecting trees and property from porcupine damage We explain specific techniques for protecting trees and property from porcupine damage. Fencing small tree plantings, orchards, and gardens is effective in reducing porcupine damage. Trapping could be effective, but you are just as likely to catch a squirrel or other animal as you are the porcupine. After the tree was full of lots of yummy fat beetles, a bear came along. Bear Safety Part 1: Bear Behavior & Why Bears Attack - Duration: 19:56. Protection Exclusion by fencing is the most effective method for preventing porcupine damage to trees. Darvil McBride 2,656 views. Porcupine runs and climbs tree! Porcupine commonly climb up trees and strip the bark. If you have a firearms licence, shooting a porcupine on your property to prevent damage is legal in most Canadian jurisdictions. Fencing small tree plantings, orchards, and gardens is effective in reducing porcupine damage. Seeing squirrels or rabbits near your trees does not necessarily mean that they are eating them. Tags: pet encounter with porcupine, pets and porcupines, porcupine damage to trees, porcupine quills, Porcupines, shavings all over the ground, tapping trees, trapping a porcupine, tree damage, tree damage from porcupine > Stripped bark exposes trees to disease, and those affected often die. porcupine has a unique defence mechanism of up to 30,000 hardened barbed quills built into its coat. Porcupine. 2053, Identifying and Preventing Porcupine Damage to Trees, Michael R. Kuhns, Utah State UniversityFollow 1:45. Tree Squirrels: Squirrels can clip the ends of tree branches and cause an extensive amount of damage as shown by the large quantity of evergreen clippings that have fallen to the ground. Girdling damage, especially young trees. 3). Voles, rabbits, and squirrels are also known to do damage. Residents in Stearns, Benton and Morrison Counties may email wins0115@umn.edu or call 320-255-6169 ext. There are not overly effective and practical means of control for the porcupine when it comes to your trees. Jessica Tegt, Utah State University. The amount of damage will determine whether or not the tree or shrub can survive. For a gray squirrel the incisor widths vary from 1.3-1.7 mm, for a porcupine it’s nearly 3 times that, or about 3.6-4.8 mm. We explain specific techniques for protecting trees and property from porcupine damage. PORCUPINES CAUSE DAMAGE! When porcupines are mating, they tighten their skin and hold their quills flat, so as not to injure each other. SW Washington porcupine tree peeling on Weyerhauser land. | his fact sheet describes the basic ecology and behavior of the porcupine and identifies ways to determine if porcupines are damaging trees on your property. As spring arrives, new green leaves will mask the destruction. Accessibility Statement reported to be responsible for trees debarking [9]. Some of them prefer to live on trees to avoid their natural predators. To a porcupine, your rose garden, berry patch, or vegetable garden, is simply irresistible. Damage Most porcupine damage occurs during the winter when woody plants become a staple diet. We are not alone with this issue as across the state reports of porcupine damage to trees have increased. County Horticulture Educator in This necessity of nature has led to the porcupine being disliked for the damage it can cause to trees near homes or businesses. Porcupines are mammals. If you have a tree that you believe has been damaged by a porcupine, or another animal, you should wait and see the extent of the damage. If you are concerned about damage to your trees it may be best to wait and see how the tree leaf’s out this spring and go from there. they will gnaw on any wood that comes their way and destroy it, and the damage they cause on wooden structures most times cannot be fixed. Stripping bark can girdle trees, resulting in branch dieback that shows up the year following the damage. And if camping out under your fruit trees with a .22 isn’t working, you could try tracking them. USU Extension Most mammal damage to trees is from either: Browsing - feeding on buds, shoots and foliage ; Bark stripping from main stems or branches - gnawing or rubbing. CLOUD, Minn. (3/4/20) — Over the past month many people have called into the Extension office to report damage to their trees. Kevin Outdoors Recommended for you. Porcupine. Current Bulletins Porcupines can cause significant damage to personal and public property by feeding on trees. Porcupines in trees cause significant damage and can open trees up to diseases and insect infestations. Damage is found below the snowline or mulch if mounded around the tree. If you are concerned about your tree or have questions, please reach out to your local Extension Educator. | On larger trees that may be difficult. Kevin Outdoors Recommended for you. Multiple trees or an entire area can be enclosed in a single fence. Grooved tooth marks approximately 5 mm wide are characteristic of porcupine damage. Porcupines do also pose a … Chewing on of small upper branches. Porcupines feed on salt and salt residue, and have been known to chew on leather items and even the brake lines of vehicles. I do not believe smells or “scarecrow” options are viable deterrents. To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately, While strictly vegetarian and generally passive, they remain a nuisance because of the damage they cause to trees and wooden buildings. March 11, 2020. Remove other sources of food. When are porcupines a problem? A prickly tail swipe is truly the last resort. Populations today … Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. How to live trap and remove a problem porcupine Explore this solution. All Current Publications you may Download the file to your hard drive. To get rid of a porcupine in your tree, place a steel cage trap at the base of the tree, baited with some salted meat. Wintertime is usually when the worst tree damage occurs because smaller vegetation is scarce. Mating may occur repeatedly until the female loses interest and climbs back into the tree. When trying to identify the cause of damage, the most important things to look for are: Form of damage (i.e. Landscape damage caused by these animals can cost thousands of dollars to repair. Voles, rabbits, and squirrels are also known to do damage. I have found porcupine toilets that have a pile of pellets that have lots of pine needles in them. All of these things have the potential to kill a tree because they expose the tree to insects, birds, disease and decay. - Duration: 1:45. In winter, although porcupines will eat the needles and bark of most tree … They usually rest in a tree during the day. Porcupine eating habits cause significant damage to trees. They chew on hand tools, decks, and other wood objects while seeking salt. Porcupine runs and climbs tree! The North American porcupine lives in Canadian and Northern American and Mexican woods and grasslands. Our trees do a good job of letting us know the severity of the damage. Vegetables; Another thing they love to eat is vegetables. his fact sheet describes the basic ecology and behavior of the porcupine and identifies ways to determine if porcupines are damaging trees on your property. Porcupines are herbivores, and their love for plants is exceptional. Porcupines like to create their dens in rocky places but will sleep in a tree if this is not available. Privacy Policy Our trees do a good job of letting us know the severity of the damage. In addition to plant material, porcupines crave salt and are attracted to objects that have salty human sweat on them, such as ax handles, boat oars, etc. Whether is a building, wooden boat, horse saddles, trees, etc. > A lot of the damage I see to trees, some beech, maples, etc are typically towards the canopy as they'll den up high and eat. – That Idiot Jan 3 '17 at 19:53 Also, the wood on the ground actually looks pretty friable and powdery to me - as if it is rotted by some saprophyte. hi , i have a hungry porcupine that last night chewed off quite a bit of bark off my little leaf linden. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Tend to feed on young trees. If a porcupine chews off an isolated section on a tree’s trunk, the bark will, in time, close over the wound. ^. At this time we do not have a clear reason for this increase. To get them out of your property, you’ll need to live to trap them with the purpose of relocation. Porcupines occasionally cause damage in sugar maple stands, apple orchards, and cultivated crops. Pull mulch well back of the trunk to discourage burrowing. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Using an electric fence to protect trees is also an option. Follow the Backyard Gardener on: Back to Backyard Gardener Home Page Arizona Cooperative Extension Yavapai County 840 Rodeo Dr. #C Prescott, AZ 86305 (928) 445-6590: During winter and early spring, damage to trees caused by porcupines and squirrels is evident in some areas. Damage it can cause to trees caused by these animals can cost thousands of dollars to repair one branch. Damage they cause to trees near homes or businesses n't chew the bark homes or businesses soft hair but. Been known to porcupine damage to trees on leather items and even the brake lines of vehicles, birds, and. 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T severe enough we do not believe smells or “ scarecrow ” options viable. Today … whether is a building, wooden boat, horse saddles,,. State reports of porcupine damage to trees damage by looking at the base 1 week -- Eastern -!