The area was also claimed by the Republic of Texas during this time until the end of the Mexican–American War in 1846–48. Las Cruces, New Mexico is a mid-sized city with a population of 101,459 people.  Similarly, in Las Cruces, 90.7% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. After the enchilada was assembled, it was cut into many pieces and distributed free of charge to the fiesta attendees. The lowest maximum on record is 16 °F or −8.9 °C on January 28, 1948 and the highest minimum 80 °F or 26.7 °C on July 5, 1920. It opened January 2005. , The original facility was called Memorial General Hospital and was opened in April 1950 at South Alameda Boulevard and Lohman Avenue after the city obtained a $250,000 federal grant. The local poverty rate stands at 24.50%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. It is the principal city of a metropolitan statistical area which encompasses all of Doa Ana County and is part of the larger El Paso-Las Cruces combined statistical area.  Its major eruption was 32 Ma.. The median age is 32.5 years, 5.4 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. The city operates a small transit authority known as RoadRUNNER Transit. Las Cruces, New Mexico detailed profile. Las Cruces has one local commercial independent cable television station called "The Las Cruces Channel" (LCC98). :62 Las Cruces was not affected as strongly by the train as some other villages, as it was not a terminus or a crossroads, but the population did grow to 2,300 in the 1880s. Las Cruces ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. NMSU is one of only two land-grant institutions classified as Hispanic-serving by the federal government. The city of Las Cruces provides water, sewer, natural gas, and solid waste services, including recycling centers. This section compares all 2 of those to each other. , Las Cruces holds a Ciclovía, a citywide event featuring exercise and physical activities, on the last Sunday of each month at Meerscheidt Recreation Center.. It is an acute inpatient and residential facility offering a variety of treatments for behavioral health issues.  The Ink is a monthly tabloid published in Las Cruces, covering the arts and community events in southern New Mexico and west Texas. Median household income was $40,924, and the percentage of people in poverty was 24.4%.  College Heights Kindergarten is a private Christian kindergarten, founded in 1954. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Las Cruces include German, English, Irish, American, and Italian. The elevation of Las Cruces is 341 feet. Memorial Medical Center is a for-profit general hospital operated by LifePoint Hospitals Inc. Las Montañas is a charter high school that opened in fall 2007 and caters to at-risk students. The city also receives several Albuquerque, El Paso, and Ciudad Juárez stations. Organ Mountains–Desert Peaks National Monument is a hiking area in the Organ Mountains. Phone: 575-541-2425. It avoided the urban renewal that Las Cruces went through in the 1960s:115 and still has its historic downtown plaza. Community Education is available at all centers and campuses and also in Las Cruces at the Mesquite Neighborhood Learning Center at 804 N. Tornillo, and Workforce Center at 2345 E. Nevada Street.. The evening consistently attracts locals and tourists. Since records began in 1892, the lowest temperature recorded at State University has been −10 °F or −23.3 °C on January 11, 1962 – though only ten nights have ever fallen to or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C – and the highest 110 °F or 43.3 °C on June 28, 1994. ( `` Fifth of May '' ) is a for-profit general hospital operated by Hospitals. 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